Publication

  • G. Codeluppi, L. Davoli and G. Ferrari. Forecasting Air Temperature on Edge Devices with Embedded AI. Sensors, 21(12), 2021. bib | doi ]
  • @article{codafe:2021:sensors,
        author = {{Codeluppi}, Gaia and {Davoli}, Luca and {Ferrari}, Gianluigi},
        title = {{Forecasting Air Temperature on Edge Devices with Embedded AI}},
        journal = {Sensors},
        volume = {21},
        year = {2021},
        number = {12},
        article-number = {3973},
        issn = {1424-8220},
        abstract = {With the advent of the Smart Agriculture, the joint utilization of Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine Learning (ML) holds the promise to significantly improve agricultural production and sustainability. In this paper, the design of a Neural Network (NN)-based prediction model of a greenhouse’s internal air temperature, to be deployed and run on an edge device with constrained capabilities, is investigated. The model relies on a time series-oriented approach, taking as input variables the past and present values of the air temperature to forecast the future ones. In detail, we evaluate three different NN architecture types—namely, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks, Recurrent NNs (RNNs) and Artificial NNs (ANNs)—with various values of the sliding window associated with input data. Experimental results show that the three best-performing models have a Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) value in the range 0.289÷0.402°C, a Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) in the range of 0.87÷1.04%, and a coefficient of determination (R2) not smaller than 0.997. The overall best performing model, based on an ANN, has a good prediction performance together with low computational and architectural complexities (evaluated on the basis of the NetScore metric), making its deployment on an edge device feasible.},
        doi = {10.3390/s21123973}
    }